Lesson #5

What Makes Humans Valuable?

Part 2: Specific Academic Challenges to the Substance View

Thesis: The substance view does a better job accounting for personal identity through time and human equality than its academic rivals.


  • Analyze the mental continuity views of Michael Tooley, Peter Singer, and Alberto Giubilini / Francesca Minerva
  • Examine the desires argument of David Boonin